Splinting techniques are used to treat musculoskeletal system abnormalities. Translation: you hurt something and by keeping it stable and immobile it will reduce pain and allow proper healing. Physical Therapists use splinting are to temporarily immobilize a limb for pain and spasm, to decrease swelling, and to minimize further potential soft tissue or neurovascular injuries associated with contusions, sprains, lacerations, fractures, dislocations, or painful joints due to inflammatory disorders.
Splinting is extremely useful in the following situations:
Temporary immobilization of sprains, fractures, and reduced dislocations
Control of pain
Prevention of further soft tissue or neurovascular injuries